was born in 1941 in Lohnstorf, Switzerland
and is a mountain guide, author and safety-expert for Alpine climbing
Munter, who lives in Vernamiège near Sion, Switzerland
, introduced the 'Halbmastwurf' as a belay knot
for climbing. English-speaking climbers know this knot as the Munter hitch
Munter became especially well known during the 1990s by his books on avalanches. These led to a shift of paradigm in the practical assessment of avalanches.The so-called '3 × 3 Filter- und Reduktionsmethode' is a probabilistic strategy of decision for winter mountaineers (especially skiing mountaineers) for the assessment of avalanche
risks in unprotected alpine areas.Munter's works triggered intensive discussions among mountaineers and mountain guides. Meanwhile his 'Reduktionsmethode' (method of reduction) or similar decision strategies (Engler, DAV: Snowcard, Larcher/OeAV: Stop or Go) are now routinely taught by the Alpine Clubs (Alpenvereine).
, Munter is employed at the 'Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung' (Swiss institute for research on snow and avalanches) in Davos
In 1995, he was proclaimed 'Ehrenbergführer' (honorary mountain guide) by the Swiss association of mountain guides for his merits.
In 1997, he received the 'Eybl-Sicherheitspreis'.
Published works (in German)
- 3×3 Lawinen - ISBN 3-7633-2060-1
- Berner Alpen - ISBN 3-7633-2415-1
- Bergsteigen I Bergwandern und Felsklettern - ISBN 3-444-50161-7
- Bergsteigen II......