Westerland, Germany

Westerland, Germany

German Location
German Location Less

Westerland, Germany

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Description:
Westerland (; Söl'ring North Frisian: Wäästerlön’) lies on the North Sea island of Sylt and is Germany's northernmost town and a former municipality. Only the smaller communities of List, Wenningstedt and Kampen – none an incorporated town – lie farther north in Germany. Since 1 January 2009, it has been part of the municipality Sylt. Westerland belongs to the Nordfriesland district in Schleswig-Holstein. It lies about 70 km northwest of Husum, 74 km west of Flensburg, 134 km northwest of Kiel and 186 km northwest of Hamburg.

History

Westerland is one of the younger places on Sylt. After the All Hallows Flood on 1 November 1436 had utterly destroyed the community of Eidum, the survivors built a new community to the northeast on a heath. The old town, now called Alt-Westerland ("alt" means "old") had its first documentary mention in 1462. In 1855, it became a seaside bathing community, and in 1905 it was granted town rights. In 1949 came official recognition as a seaside spa town, thereby raising Westerland's status to that of Sylt's main town. Until then, Keitum had always enjoyed that distinction. For instance, even as late as the turn of the 20th century, Keitum had the island's only pharmacy. Owing to its central location at the hub of all transportation routes, and because it is right near the beach, Westerland has affirmed its supremacy among places on Sylt over the last one hundred and fifty years.

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