The White Earth Indian Reservation
(lit. "Where there is white clay") in the Ojibwe language
) is the home to the White Earth Nation
, located in northwestern Minnesota
. It is the largest Indian reservation
in that state
. The reservation stretches across all of Mahnomen County
, plus parts of Becker
counties in the northwest part of the state, along the Wild Rice
and White Earth
Rivers. It is about 225 miles (362 km) from Minneapolis-St. Paul
and roughly 65 miles (105 km) from Fargo-Moorhead
. Community members often prefer to self-identify themselves as Anishinaabe
instead of Ojibwe or Chippewa. The reservation's land area is 1,093 sq mi (2,831 km²), which held a population of 9,192 residents as of the 2000 census
. The White Earth Indian Reservation is a member of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
. The reservation issues its own license plates
The White Earth Reservation was created on March 19, 1867, during a treaty signing in Washington DC. Ten Chippewa Indian chiefs met with President Andrew Johnson at the White House to negotiate the treaty.
Chief White Cloud
, a Gull Lake Mississippi Chippewa
, and Chief Fine Day of the Removable Mille Lacs Indians
, were among the first people to move to White Earth in 1868.
The reservation originally covered 1,300 square miles (3,400 km²
), but much of the community's land was improperly sold or seized to outside interests, including the U.S.......