Dr William Robert Nuttal Maloney
(12 April 1854 - 29 August 1940) was a long serving Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives
for 36 years from 1904 to 1940.
Born into a wealthy family in West Melbourne
, Maloney was educated in the Melbourne private school system, the University of Melbourne
and St Mary’s Hospital, London
, graduating as a Medical Doctor. Returning to Melbourne
in 1888, Maloney divided his time between his obstetrics
practice and agitating for social reform. It was during this period that he acquired the nickname that he would retain throughout his life, the Little Doctor
Elected to the Victorian colonial Legislative Assembly
as the Member for West Melbourne in 1889, Maloney showed his radical nature by introducing one of the first Bills advocating women’s suffrage
in the British Empire
. He also found the time to establish the Medical Institute, which provided free medical treatment for the poorer denizens of Melbourne.
Maloney resigned from the Assembly to stand for the Division of Melbourne
at the 1903 federal election
, narrowly losing to the opposing Protectionist Party
candidate Malcolm McEacharn
but, following a protest, largely on irregularities relating to postal votes, the 1903 result was voided and a by election run in 1904, which Maloney duly won.
The Division of Melbourne became a safe Labor seat and Maloney was easily returned in forthcoming elections, including standing unopposed in 1929
. Retiring... Read More