William Williams Keen
(January 19, 1837 – June 7, 1932) was the first brain surgeon
in the United States
. He also saw Franklin Delano Roosevelt
when his paralytic illness struck, and worked closely with six American presidents.
Keen was born in Philadelphia
on January 19, 1837. He attended Philadelphia Central High School
He studied at Brown University
, where he graduated in 1859. He graduated in medicine
from Jefferson Medical College
in 1862. During the American Civil War
, he worked for the U.S. Army
as a surgeon
. After the war, and two years of studies in Paris
He married around 1870 and had as his children: Dora Keen
, the Alpinist
He started lecturing surgical pathology
in Philadelphia. He was president of the Philadelphia School of Anatomy
from 1875 to 1889.
He became known in the medical community around the world for inventing several new procedures in brain surgery
, including drainage
of the cerebral ventricles
and removals of large brain tumors
. Keen also performed the first successful removal of a brain tumor.
Keen also participated in a secret surgical operation to remove a cancerous jaw tumor on Grover Cleveland
Keen died in Philadelphia
on June 7, 1932.
Honors and recognition
He received honorary degrees from Jefferson Medical College
and Brown, Northwestern, Toronto, Edinburgh, Yale, St. Andrews, Greifswald,... Read More