The Willys Jeep Station Wagon
, introduced in 1946 by Willys-Overland Motors
is the first mass-market all-steel station wagon designed and built as a passenger vehicle and is arguably the world's first popular sport utility vehicle
or SUV (the heavy-duty, truck-based Chevrolet Suburban
with steel body was introduced in 1939 for professional use mainly as train depot hacks
). The Willys Jeep was designed in the mid 40s by industrial designer Brooks Stevens
and the station wagon stayed in production until 1965.
The steel body was efficient to mass-produce, as easy to maintain and safer than the real wood-bodied station wagon versions at the time. This was one of Willys' most successful post-World War II
models. Its production coincided with individual consumers moving to the new suburbs
during the post-war period.
This model was also assembled in several international markets under various forms of joint ventures
, or Complete knock down
The Willys Jeep Station Wagon was introduced in 1946 as just the 463
model, powered by the L-134 Go-Devil
flathead four cylinder. The 663
model, powered by the L-148 Lightning
straight six, was brought in for 1948. Four-wheel drive became an option in 1949.
1950 saw a number of changes. The flat grille was replaced by a pointed v-shape design with five horizontal bars across the vertical ones. New engines were available, too. The 473
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