was an encampment formed by approximately 2,500 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
as they waited during the winter of 1846-1847 for better conditions for their trek westward. It followed a preliminary tent settlement some 3½ miles west at Cutler's Park
. The Mormons built more than 800 cabins at the Winter Quarters settlement. Located in present-day North Omaha
overlooking the Missouri River, the settlement remained populated until 1848.
Wintering Saints had left their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois
on relatively short notice and brought limited useful supplies. An influential non-Mormon Thomas L. Kane
, seeking to convince the LDS leadership to establish a volunteer military group (later known as the Mormon Battalion
), received permission from the U.S. federal government for the group to encamp in Omaha Tribe
lands, including the site of Cutler's Park. Conditions at the settlement remained primitive the first month, with pioneers living in tents while the men put up hay, found water and managed the cattle.
Due to arguments among the Oto and Omaha tribes over use of the land, the Mormons moved their camp three miles east to a site overlooking the Missouri River. There they built cabins and sod houses for... Read More