This article will examine the forces behind the rise of Women’s rights as a western foreign policy objective in the Middle East
and the impact application of this objective has had to date.
The focus on women’s rights by powerful nation states and global institutions is a recent phenomenon. Foreign policy objectives in the Middle East have during the last five years routinely referred to the need to enhance the rights of women.
International Relations Theory
International Relations theory
inform foreign policy initiatives and strategy therefore a brief review of dominant paradigms is necessary to understand the theory and structures which underpin today’s policy objectives.
The first international relations theory Liberal Internationalism (or Idealism) emerged in post World War I America and European response to the devastation caused. Its key elements were recognition of the sovereign nation state as the central international actor; promotion of democratic, non-aggressive political systems and the creation of an overarching international structure, the League of Nations
, through which states would legally conduct international relations. It was believed that this global structure promoting law not war would obviate the need for nations to resort to military action, the collective will of all nations enforcing world wide security.
Sadly this utopian dream of the West was shattered by the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 and a... Read More