The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
(), known as XPCC, the PCC or Bingtuan for short, is a unique economic and semi-military governmental organization in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
of the People's Republic of China
. The XPCC has administrative authority over several medium-sized cities as well as settlements and farms all across Xinjiang
. It has its own administrative structure, fulfilling governmental functions such as healthcare and education for areas under its jurisdiction. The Government of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
does not usually interfere in the administration of these areas.
The XPCC was founded by Wang Zhen
in 1954 under the orders of Mao Zedong
. The stated goals of the XPCC are to develop frontier regions, promote economic development
, ensure social stability and ethnic harmony, and consolidate border defense. In its 50-year history, the XPCC has built farms, towns, and cities, and provided land and work for disbanded military units. The XPCC also participates in economic activities, and is known as the China Xinjian Group
(). It has a number of publicly traded subsidiaries.
The XPCC draws from the traditional Chinese tuntian
system, a policy of settling military units in frontier areas so that they become self-sufficient in food, and similar policies in the Tang
dynasties.<ref... Read More