(楊暕) (585–618), courtesy name Shiku
(世胐), nickname Ahai
(阿孩), was an imperial prince of the Chinese
dynasty Sui Dynasty
. During the reign of his father Emperor Yang
, he carried the title of Prince of Qi. When his father was killed in a coup led by the general Yuwen Huaji
in 618, Yang Jian and his sons were also killed.
During Emperor Wen's reign
Yan Jian was born in 585, during the reign of his grandfather Emperor Wen
. He was the second son of Emperor Wen's son Yang Guang
the Prince of Jin and Yang Guang's wife Princess Xiao
. Yang Jian was considered handsome in his childhood, and Emperor Wen loved him. In 593, Emperor Wen created him the Prince of Yuzhang. As he grew in age, he studied the Confucian classics
and histories. In 599, Emperor Wen made him the head of the legislative bureau (Neishi Sheng
, 內史省), one of the five main bureaus of government.
In 600, due to Yang Guang's machinations, Emperor Wen deposed Yang Jian's uncle Yang Yong
the Crown Prince
, and created Yang Guang crown prince instead. In 601, Yang Jian was made the commandant at Yang Province (揚州, roughly modern Yangzhou
), to replace his father Yang Guang.
During Emperor Yang's reign
In 604, Emperor Wen died—a death that traditional historians, while admitting a lack of direct evidence, generally believed to be a murder ordered by Yang Guang. Yang Guang took the throne as Emperor Yang. In 606, Emperor Yang created Yang Jian the greater title of Prince... Read More