( or , ; also Jogja
) is a city in the Yogyakarta Special Region
. It is renowned as a centre of classical Javanese
fine art and culture such as batik
, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows. Yogyakarta was the Indonesian capital during the Indonesian National Revolution
from 1945 to 1949.
The area of the city of Yogyakarta is 32.5 km². While the city spreads in all directions from the kraton
(the Sultan's palace), the core of the modern city is to the north, centring around Dutch colonial-era
buildings and the commercial district. Jalan Malioboro
, with rows of pavement vendors and nearby market and malls, is the primary shopping street for tourists in the city, while Jalan Solo, further north, is a shopping district more frequented by locals. At the southern end of Malioboro, on the east side is the large local market of Beringharjo, not far from Fort Vredeburg
a restored Dutch fort.
At Yogyakarta's centre is the kraton
, or Sultan's palace. Surrounding the kraton is a densely populated residential neighbourhood that occupies land that was formerly the Sultan's sole domain. Evidence of this former use remains in the form of old walls and the ruined Taman Sari
, built in 1758 as a pleasure garden. No longer used by the sultan, the garden had been largely abandoned. For a time, it was used for housing by palace employees and descendants. Reconstruction efforts began in 2004, and an effort to... Read More