: 横浜中華街, yokohama chūkagai
; Simplified Chinese
: 横滨中华街; Traditional Chinese
: 横濱中華街; Pinyin
: Hèngbīn Zhōnghuá Jiē; Cantonese Jyutping
: Waang4 ban1 zung1 waa4 gaai1
) is located in Yokohama
, which is located just south of Tokyo
. Its history is about 150 years long. Today only a few Chinese
people still live in Chinatown
, but it has a population of about 3,000 to 4,000. Most of the residents are from Guangzhou
but many come from other regions.
Yokohama Chinatown is the largest Chinatown not only in Japan but also in Asia (larger than Chinatowns in both Kobe
) and it is one of the largest in the world. There are over 200 restaurants alone.
In 1859, when the sea port opened in Yokohama, many Chinese immigrants arrived in Japan and formed settlements. Later, ferry services between Yokohama and Shanghai
and Hong Kong
were started. Many Chinese traders came to Japan and built a Chinese School, Chinese Community Center, and various other facilities in what represented the beginning of Chinatown. However, government regulations at the time meant that immigrants were not permitted to live outside of the designated foreign settlement area. In 1899, changing laws gave Chinese increased freedom of movement while reinforcing strict rules on the types of work Chinese people were allowed to carry out.
In 1923, the Kanto Area was devastated by the Great Kanto Earthquake
. Around 100,000 people were... Read More