The Yokosuka K5Y
was a two-seat unequal-span biplane trainer
(Allied reporting name
") that served in the Imperial Japanese Navy
during the World War II
.Due to its bright orange paint scheme (applied to all Japanese military trainers for visibility), it earned the nickname "aka-tombo"
, or "red dragonfly
", after a type of insect common throughout Japan
Design and development
The aircraft was based on the Yokosuka Navy Type 91 Intermidiate Trainer, but stability problems led to a redesign by Kawanishi
in 1933. It entered service in 1934 as Navy Type 93 Intermidiate Trainer K5Y1
with fixed tail-skid landing gear
, and remained in use throughout the war. Floatplane
were also produced. After the initial 60 examples by Kawanishi, manufacture was continued by Watanabe
(556 aircraft built), Mitsubishi
(1,393), First Naval Air Technical Arsenal
(2,733), and Fuji
(896), for a total of 5,770. These aircraft were the mainstay of Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
's flight training
, and as intermediate trainers, they were capable of performing demanding aerobatic
maneuvers. Two further land-based versions, the K5Y4
with a 358 kW (480 hp) Amakaze 21A engine and the K5Y5
with a 384 kW (515 hp) Amakaze 15, were projected but never built.
- Two-seat intermediate trainer for the......