() is a town in the Dutch
province of North Holland
. It is the main city of the municipality of Zaanstad
, and received city rights
in 1811. It is located on the Zaan
, close to the North Sea Canal
, and is close to the capital Amsterdam
The statistical district Zaandam, which covers the city and the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 71,780.Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005
. As of 1 January 2005.
Zaandam was a separate municipality until 1974, when it became a part of the new municipality of Zaanstad.
Zaandam (formerly called Saenredam
) and the surrounding Zaan River region, called the Zaanstreek
, have a history that is intimately connected with industry.
In the Golden Age
, Zaandam served as a large milling center. Thousands of windmills
powered saws that were processing Scandinavian wood for the shipbuilding and paper industries. A statue was commissioned from the Yugoslav
sculptor Slavomir Miletić
in honor of this era, and the statue, “The Woodworker” (“De Houtwerker”
), was installed on 20 June 2004.
Zaandam was a leading city in the first Industrial Revolution
. Into the second half of the 20th century, Zaandam was still an important lumber port.
Zaandam is also historically linked with the whaling
industry.Peter I of Russia
spent some time in Zaandam in 1697, studying shipbuilding. The house where he stayed is preserved... Read More