() is an ancient city
; currently located in the Gaziantep Province
(coordinates ). It is a historical settlement which is considered among the four most important settlement areas under the reign of the kingdom of Commagene. It was named for the bridge of boats, or zeugma
, which crossed the Euphrates there.
The ancient city of Zeugma was originally founded as a Greek settlement by Seleucus I Nicator
, one of the generals of Alexander the Great
, in 300 BC
. King Seleucus almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself; whether this city is, or can be, the city known as Seleucia on the Euphrates or Seleucia at the Zeugma
is disputed. The population in the city at its peak was approximately 80,000.
In 64 BC
Zeugma was conquered and ruled by the Roman Empire
and with this shift the name of the city was changed into Zeugma, meaning "bridge-passage" or "bridge of boats". During Roman rule, the city became one of the attractions in the region, due to its commercial potential originating from its geo-strategic location because the city was on the Silk Road
with a quay or pontoon bridge across the river Euphrates
which was the border with the Persian Empire until the late 2nd century.
In 256, Zeugma experienced an invasion and it was fully destroyed by the Sassanid
king, Shapur I
. The invasion was so dramatic that Zeugma was not able to recover for a long time. To make the... Read More