Zeuxis (general)

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Zeuxis (in Greek Zευξις) was a general in the service of the Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great at the end of the 3rd century BC. He served in Mesopotamia against the rebel Molon, was a general at the Battle of Magnesia and after that defeat went to Rome to negotiate a peace.

Career

He was engaged in 221 BC in the war with Molon, satrap of Media, whom he prevented from crossing the Tigris. Being placed under the command of Xenoetas, he was left by the latter in charge of the camp, when he made his ill-fated attempt to overpower Molon. But he retired on the approach of Molon, and this time did not oppose Molon's crossing of the Tigris. When Antiochus himself marched against Molon, Zeuxis advised him to cross the Tigris in opposition to Hermeias proposal that the army march down the near side of the river - according to Polybios, despite his fear of Hermeias's power. He was in command of the left wing in the battle that ensued. He also took a prominent part in the siege of Seleucia on the Tigris.

It is perhaps this same Zeuxis whom we find satrap of Lydia under Antiochus the Great. In the winter of 201-200 BC Philip V of Macedonia , when at war with Attalus , applied to Zeuxis for corn provisions, which he supplied.

In the decisive battle of Magnesia with the Romans in 190 BC, Zeuxis was one of the commanders of the center, and after the...
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