Zhang Han (Qin Dynasty)

Zhang Han (Qin Dynasty)

Zhang Han (Qin Dynasty)

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Description:
Zhang Han (died 205 BC) was a military general of the Qin Dynasty. When uprisings erupted throughout China during the reign of Qin Er Shi, Zhang led the Qin armies and successfully quelled several of these rebel forces. In 207 BC, Zhang was defeated by Xiang Yu of Chu at the Battle of Julu and surrendered with his 200,000 troops. He was conferred the title of "King of Yong" (雍王) by Xiang and given part of the lands in Guanzhong as his fief when Xiang split the fallen Qin empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms. Zhang's territory was conquered by Liu Bang in 205 BC, and he committed suicide a year later.

Biography

In 209 BC, the rebel army army led by Zhou Wen was the first to reach the capital city of Xianyang. Qin Er Shi was shocked and discussed with his subjects on how to counter the rebels. Zhang suggested to the emperor to grant amnesty to some of the convicts serving as labourers at Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum, and organise them into an imperial army to deal with the rebels. The emperor approved Zhang's proposal and put him in charge of the army to quell the rebel forces. Zhang emerged victorious against Zhou Wen, defeating and driving Zhou out of Guanzhong. The emperor then commissioned Sima Xin and Dong Yi to serve as Zhang's deputies.

Zhang's army continued to advance eastward and destroyed the rebel army of Chen Sheng. Zhang then led his men to attack the Wei rebels, emerging victorious against Wei and enemy reinforcements from Qi. Zhang's armies moved on to...
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