() is a town
and the administrative center
of Ziminsky District
of Irkutsk Oblast
, situated on the intersection of the Trans-Siberian Railway
with the Oka River
. Population: 34,093 (2009 est.);
The village of Staraya Zima
() on the present site of the town was established in 1743. In 1772, its population began to grow more quickly due to the construction of a horse-tract from Moscow
which crossed the Oka River. Until the 1900s, Zima remained a roadside, mainly agricultural village.
In 1898, the Trans-Siberian railway was built through the village and a railroad station was open. Town status was granted to Zima in 1925.
Zima's population remained at around 40,000 from the 1960s until 1990; however, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union
and the associated economic crisis, the population decreased by around 15% during the 1990s.
The town is the birthplace of Yevgeny Yevtushenko
, a Russian poet, the author of the biographical poem "Zima Station".
The town is situated on a low-lying plain, heavily water-logged. The Zima River
joins the Oka in the town's vicinity.
The local climate is extremely continental; air temperature varies between in winter to in summer.
Economy and infrastructure
Zima's economy relies mainly on timber production and railway-related services.
The town has a station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, with commuter trains to Irkutsk
. The M53 Federal highway......