Zunheboto is home to the Sumi Naga.The word Zunheboto is derived from the Sumi words 'zunhebo', name of a flowering shurb, and 'to' or'ato', hill top. The 'zunhebo' plant grows abundantly in this region and the town was built on the top of the rolling hills hence the name, 'Zunhebo-to' or Zunheboto as known today.
India census, Zunheboto had a population of 22,809. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Zunheboto has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 77%. In Zunheboto, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.