100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot
The 100th Foot was raised in Canada as the 100th Royal Canadians to serve as a regular regiment of the British army. Recruiting is recorded to have begun mid March 1858 and took 3 months. The initial enlistment was for 10 years, but not to exceed 12 years. "The Regiment was thoroughly Canadian, having been recruited...by the various officers in the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec; many of the men being of French origin." In the months of June and July, 1858, the regiment embarked from Quebec for England in three detachments, 1200 strong, some arriving in Liverpool on the July 1st, 1858. From Liverpool the Regiment moved down to Shorncliffe where they were re-enforced by other regular army officers and conscripts. The regiment spent over nine months in England training and where "The regiment was accorded the title of 'The Prince of Wales Royal Canadian Regiment,' and the Prince himself, then only seventeen years old, presented the colours, this being the first public act he performed by virtue of his position." In March, 1859, the Regiment moved to Aldershot for a further 6 weeks training prior to embarkation for Gibraltar. On the move to Gibraltar the 100th numbered 30 officers and 823 other ranks. The Regimental Depot was confirmed as Parkhurst on the Isle of Wight, and the depot in Canada closed.
In 1860, maple leaves were incorporated onto the badge of the 100th Regiment (Royal Canadians), and when the regiment was stationed in Canada, it paraded... Read More