Alfonso II D'Este, Duke Of Ferrara
Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara
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Alfonso II d'Este
(November 22, 1533 – October 27, 1597) was
duke of Ferrara
from 1559 to 1597. He was a member of the house of
He was the elder son of
Ercole II d'Este
Renée de France
, the daughter of
Louis XII of France
Anne of Brittany
As a young man, he fought in the service of
Henry II of France
, fighting against the
. Soon after his accession to the throne, he was forced by
Pope Pius IV
to send back his mother to France, due to her
creed. He commanded Ferrara at the time of the
1570 Ferrara earthquake
In 1583 he allied with Emperor
in the war against the Turks in
He married three times:
On July 3, 1558, Alfonso married his first wife
Lucrezia di Cosimo de' Medici
, a daughter of
Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Eleonora di Toledo
. She died two years afterwards, and poisoning has been suspected.
On December 5, 1565, Alfonso married his second wife
Barbara of Austria
(April 30, 1539 - September 19, 1572), eighth daughter of
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
On February 24, 1579, Alfonso married his third wife
(May 27, 1564 - January 6, 1618). She was the eldest daughter of
William I, Duke of Mantua
Eleonora of Austria
. Eleonora was an older sister of his second wife Barbara.
He had no known children, legitimate or otherwise.
The legitimate line ended in 1597 with him.
Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
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