(än'drēä) is a city and comune
). It is an agricultural and service center, producing wine, olives and almonds. It is the fourth-largest municipality in the Apulia region (behind Bari
, and Foggia
) and the largest municipality of the newly-established Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani
effective as of June 2009.
Different theories exist about the origins of Andria. In 915 it is mentioned as a "casale" ("hamlet") depending from Trani
; it acquired the status of city around 1046, when the Norman count Peter
enlarged and fortified the settlements in the area (including also Barletta
In 14th century, under the Angevins
, Andria became seat of a Duchy. In 1350 it was besieged by German and Lombard mercenaries of the Hungarian army, and in 1370 by the troops of Queen Joan I of Naples
. In 1431 the ruler of Andria Francesco II Del Balzo
found the mortal remains of Saint Richard of Andria
, the current patron saint, and instituted the Fair of Andria (23–30 April). In 1487 the city was acquired by the Aragonese
, the Duchy passing to the future King Frederick IV of Naples
. Later (1552), it was sold by the Spanish to Fabrizio Carafa
, for the sum of 100,000 ducats.
ruled the city until 1799, when the French
troops captured it after a long siege. After the Bourbon
restoration, Andria was a protagonist of the Risorgimento and, after the unification of Italy
, the brigandage era.