, also Artabanus I
, of the Arsacid
dynasty was King of Parthia
between 211 BC and 191 BC. Greek 'Arsaces' appears as 'Artabanus' in Latin sources, and both forms appear in history books.
Due to a confusion of names, the line of succession is equally unclear. Artabanus's uncle, Arsaces I
, had founded the dynasty around 247 BC. Arsaces I may then have been directly succeeded by his brother Tiridates I
, who however -like all other Arsacid dynasts<!-- Bivar:30 --> also - adopted the name Arsaces upon his coronation. Subject then to which genealogy is followed (neither is epigraphically assured), Artabanus (a.k.a. Arsaces II) succeeded either his uncle Arsaces I or his father Tiridates I (a.k.a. Arsaces II).
In 209 BC, the Seleucid
King Antiochus III
recaptured Parthia, which had been previously seized from the Seleucids by the Arsaces I and the Parni
around 247 BC. Arsaces II sued for peace following his defeat on the battlefield at Mount Labus. <!-- Prior to this, Antiochus had already occupied the Parthian capital at Hecatompylos
, pushing forward to Tagae near Damghan. Following the defeat of Arsaces II at Mount Labus, Antiochus turned westwards into Hyrcania
where he occupied Tambrax. Syrinx
was then taken by siege. -->
In the terms of peace, Arsaces accepted feudatory status<!-- Bivar:29 --> and from then onwards ruled Parthia and Hyrancia as a vassal state of the Seleucids. Antiochus in turn withdrew his troops westwards, where he would subsequently... Read More