The Budapest Offensive
was the general attack by Soviet forces
against Germany and their allies from the territory of Hungary
. The offensive lasted from 29 October 1944 until the fall of Budapest
on 13 February 1945.
Having secured Romania
in the summer Jassy–Kishinev Offensive
, the Soviet forces continued their push in the Balkans
. The Red Army occupied Bucharest
on 31 August and then swept westward across the Carpathian Mountains
and southward into Bulgaria
. In the process, the Red Army’s forces drew German reserves away from the Warsaw
central axis, encircled and destroyed the German 6. Armee
(for the second time) and forced Army Group South Ukraine
’s shattered 8. Armee
to withdraw westward into Hungary.
From October 1944, the 2nd
, and 4th Ukrainian Fronts
advanced into Hungary. After isolating the Hungarian capital city in late December, the Soviets besieged and assaulted Budapest
. On 13 February 1945, the city fell. While this destroyed most of the German forces in the region, troops were rushed from the Western Front
and, in March, the Germans launched the ill fated Operation Spring Awakening
) in the Lake Balaton area. The expansive goals of this operation were to protect one of the last oil producing regions available to the Axis and to retake Budapest. Neither goal was achieved.
In that period in the nearby operations, the Soviets also advanced into Yugoslavia