Francisco de Vitoria, OP
(Francisco de Victoria
; c. 1492 – 12 August 1546)Cath. Enc.
was a Spanish Renaissance Roman Catholic philosopher
and jurist, founder of the tradition in philosophy
known as the School of Salamanca
, noted especially for his contributions to the theory of just war
and international law
. He is considered by some scholars the "father of international law", though most reject this view. Pagden's
introduction to the Cambridge edition of Vitoria's Political Writings
, for instance, argues 'uch a notion is anachronistic, since the concept of an "international law" has its origins in the "modern" natural-law theorists, notably Hugo Grotius, Samuel Pufendorf, and John Selden...Vitoria's account of the ius gentium
, furthermore, occupies only a small part of his total work, and is not entirely consistent.'Woods, Thomas
. How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization
, p 5-6. (Washington, DC: Regenery, 2005); ISBN 0-89526-038-7.Because of Vitoria's conception of a "republic of the whole world" (res publica totius orbis
) he recently has been labeled "founder of global political philosophy". : Die Begründung der globalpolitischen Philosophie. Zu Francisco de Vitorias "relectio de indis recenter inventis" von 1539.
Berlin 2009. (256... Read More