Goi of Baekje
(died 286, r. 234–286) was the 8th king of Baekje
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
. He was the second son of the 4th king Gaeru
and younger brother of the 5th king Chogo
Upon the death of the 6th king Gusu
, Gusu's eldest son Saban
became king, but proved to be too young to rule. Goi dethroned Saban and became king.
Some scholars interpret the Korean records Samguk Sagi
and Samguk Yusa
to mean that Goi was the younger brother of the mother of King Chogo, implying that he is of the Utae
lineage, rather than a direct descendent of the traditionally recognized founder Onjo
The Chinese records Book of Zhou
(周書) and Book of Sui
(隋書) refer to "Gutae" as the founder of Baekje, and some scholars believe that "Gutae" actually refers to Goi as the true founder of the kingdom.
Goi is generally credited with centralising the Baekje kingdom, concentrating royal power and laying the foundation of the state structure.
Immediately upon taking the throne, he established a central military office to restrain the independence of regional clans. The Samguk Sagi
also records that in 260, he established a central bureaucracy of six ministers, sixteen rank levels, and a code of dress, although the full system may have been completed after his reign (see, e.g., Best (2002)).
In 262, he is said to have established regulations against bribery
, requiring corrupt officials to repay three times the amount of the bribe. He also... Read More