The history and usage of the Single Transferable Vote voting system
has been a series of relatively modest periods of usage and disusage throughout the world, however today it is seeing increasing popularity and proposed implementation as a method of electoral reform
. The Single Transferable Vote
has been used in many different local, regional and national electoral systems
, as well as in various other types of bodies, around the world. <!-- removed this: This page describes the most significant instances and notes any special history of features. -->
<!--a picture of an old STV voting machine would go very well here-->The concept of transferable voting was first proposed by Thomas Wright Hill
in 1819. The system remained unused in public elections until 1855, when Carl Andræ
proposed a transferable vote system for elections in Denmark
. Andræ's system was used in 1856 to elect the Danish Rigsdag
, and by 1866 it was also adapted for indirect elections to the second chamber, the Landsting
, until 1915.
Although he was not the first to propose a system of transferable votes, the English barrister Thomas Hare
is generally credited with the conception of Single Transferable Voting, and he may have independently developed the idea in 1857. Hare's view was that STV should be a means of "making the exercise of the suffrage a step in the elevation of the individual character, whether it be found in the majority or the minority." In Hare's......