, the Scottish National Party
(SNP) is a centre-left political party
which campaigns for Scottish independence
. It currently holds power in Scotland with its leader Alex Salmond
as First Minister of Scotland
, following the outcome of the 2007 Scottish General Election
The party was founded on 20 April 1934 as the result of a merger between the National Party of Scotland
(NPS) and the Scottish Party
.David Ross: History of Scotland
, Geddes & Grosset 2002, p 31 The merger was the brainchild of leading NPS figure John MacCormick
who desired unity for the nationalist movement in Scotland, and upon learning of the Scottish Party's emergence moved to secure it.
Initially, the SNP did not support all-out independence for Scotland, but rather the establishment of a devolved Scottish Assembly
, within the United Kingdom
. This became the party's initial position on the constitutional status of Scotland as a result of a compromise between the NPS, who did support independence, and the Scottish Party who were devolutionists. John MacCormick wanted a merger between the two parties and knew that it would only be through the support of devolution rather than independence that the Scottish Party would be persuaded to merge. However, the SNP quickly reverted to the NPS stance of supporting full independence for Scotland.
Professor Douglas Young, was the leader of the Scottish National Party from 1942 to 1945. Young fought for the Scottish... Read More