The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics
(ICRISAT) is a non-profit organization in India.
It was founded in 1972 by a consortium of organizations convened by the Ford and the Rockefeller Foundations. Its charter was signed by the FAO
and the UNDP
. Since its inception, India
, the host country, has granted a special status to ICRISAT as a UN
Organization operating in the Indian territory making it eligible for special immunities and tax privileges.
ICRISAT is managed by a full time Director General functioning under the overall guidance of an international Governing Board. The current Director General is William Dar
(Philippines). The current chair of the Board is Nigel Poole (UK).
The Agro-Eco Region: The Semi-Arid Tropics
The semi-arid tropics (SAT) region is characterized by highly variable, low-to-medium rainfall and poor soils, further characterized by lack of irrigation. In general, the historical average annual rainfall in the SAT is below 700 mm. In agricultural policy terms, this region is considered to be a less favored area (LFA). There has been some scholarly disagreement as to whether this region is inhabited by more poor people in South Asia compared to irrigated areas, and the assessment is that there is at least no difference in the incidence of poverty . Based on large amount of data on crop yields and farmers’ income compiled from nearly 300 studies across the world, Byerlee and others state that in this region, many... Read More