for Musician's Tongue
) is an extinct derivative of the Yiddish language. It was a slang
used by travelling Jewish
musicians, known as klezmorim
(klezmers), in Eastern Europe
prior to the 20th century.
It combined Yiddish with loanwords
from many other European languages. This borrowed vocabulary was often substituted for key Yiddish words using rhyme
or some other form of association.
As with other argots, such as thieves' languages, Klezmer-loshn evolved to fill the need of members of a bounded community to speak in the presence of others without being understood. Klezmorim could speak Klezmer-loshn during and after performances, whether among Gentiles
or Yiddish-speaking Jews
, without being understood. This allowed them to discuss business, plan, and even mock others without getting into trouble.
Its active use gradually dwindled in the 20th century, and disappeared along with the klezmer trade in Eastern Europe, especially after the Holocaust
obliterated much of the Jewish population there.
- Robert A. Rothsten. American Klezmer - Its Roots and Offshoots. Mark Slobin (Editor). pp. 24–34. University of California Press, 2002. ISBN 9780520227187