Her work, Gardiens de l'Islam, written in French is an analysis of the influence of the ulama of Al-Azhar University. A. Marsot argues her thesis is that "the ulama of the Azhar believe that it is their duty, daʿwa, as the guardians of religion to see that the laws of a country conform to the shariʿa; thus, their struggle with the authorities is defined by an attempt to set aside the laws of the state in favor of the shariʿa."A. Marsot. Book Review: Gardiens de L'Islam. by Malika Zeghal. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 31, No. 2. (May, 1999), pp. 283-284. The book explores how state interactions with the Azhari ulama helped to lead to the rise other Islamic movements, namely the Muslim Brotherhood, outside of traditional institutions.
Gardiens de l'Islam. Les oulémas d'al-Azhar dans l'Egypte contemporainePresses de Sciences Po, 1996. ISBN 2-7246-0679-5
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