مزدک) (died c. 524 or 528) was a proto-socialistA Short History of the World
. Progress Publishers. Moscow, 1974 Persian
reformer and religious activist who gained influence under the reign of the Sassanian Shahanshah Kavadh I
. He claimed to be a prophet of God, and instituted communal possessions and social welfare programs.
Mazdak was the chief representative of a religious and philosophical teaching called Mazdakism
, which he viewed as a reformed and purified version of Zoroastrianism
, although his teaching has been argued to display influences from Manichaeism
as well. Zoroastrianism was the dominant religion of Sassanid Persia, and Mazdak himself was a Zoroastrian priest, or mobed
, but most of the Zoroastrian clergy regarded his teaching as a heresy
. Information about it is scarce and little is known beyond what is listed below; some further details may be inferred from the later doctrine of Khurramism
, which has been seen as a continuation of Mazdakism.
Some sources claim that the original founders of this sect lived earlier than Mazdak. These were another mobed named Zardusht (of... Read More