is a person who either actively participates in, or advocates revolution
. Also, when used as an adjective, the term revolutionary
refers to something that has a major, sudden impact on society or on some aspect of human endeavor.
The term —both as a noun and adjective— is usually applied to the field of politics
, and is occasionally used in the context of science
. In politics, a revolutionary is someone who supports abrupt, rapid, and drastic change, while a reformist
is someone who supports more gradual and incremental change. A conservative
is someone who opposes all such changes. A reactionary
is someone who wants things to go back to the way they were after the change has happened.
Revolution and ideology
According to sociologist James Chowning Davies
, political revolutionaries may be classified in two ways:
- According to the goals of the revolution they propose. Usually, these goals are part of a certain ideology. In theory, each ideology could generate its own brand of revolutionaries. In practice, most political revolutionaries have been either liberals, republicans, democrats, nationalists, socialists, communists, fascists or anarchists.
- According to the methods they propose to use. This divides revolutionaries in two broad groups: Those who advocate a violent revolution, and those who are pacifist.
The revolutionary anarchists Mikhail Bakunin
and Sergey Nechayev
argued in Catechism of a......