Roman Emperor (Crisis of the Third Century)

Roman Emperor (Crisis Of The Third Century)

Roman Emperor (Crisis of the Third Century)

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The role of the Roman Emperor changed during the Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Anarchy of the 3rd Century), which marked the end of the Principate (the early phase of Imperial Roman government). A series of soldiers (the Barracks Emperors) assumed the highest office, leading to the breakdown of the previous system of imperial government under which the Emperor had functioned within the fiction of preserving the old republican form of government. The crisis came to a close with Diocletian, who reformed the Imperial office and initiated the period known as the Dominate.

Maximinus "Thrax"

Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus "Thrax" ("the Thracian") (reigned 235 – 238) was arguably the first "Barracks Emperor". Previous military Emperors (Vespasian, Septimius Severus) had come from noble or middle-class plebeian families, but Maximinus came from a lower-class family in a less-reputable part of the Empire and began as an enlisted soldier (miles). Remarkably, Maximinus never visited Rome while Emperor. Under his reign, the increasingly impotent Senate made some of their last attempts to control the Empire; the Senate backed two pairs of co-emperors from its own ranks against Maximinus.

He was commander of new recruits on the Rhine frontier when Alexander Severus was murdered by mutineers. Maximinus was acclaimed Emperor by his troops in March 235 and in January 238 put down a rebellion by the governor of Africa Proconsularis...
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