Sinuiju Special Administrative Region

Sinuiju Special Administrative Region

Korean Settlement
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Sinuiju Special Administrative Region

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Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region was a proposed special administrative region (SAR) of North Korea, on the border with China. It was established in September 2002 in an area including parts of Sinŭiju and the surrounding area, in an attempt to introduce market economics, and is directly governed as in the case of "Directly Governed Cities". The special administrative region was modelled after China's Special Administrative Regions (SARs), Hong Kong and Macau, and, like them, has a "Basic Law" (기본법; Kibonpŏp).

Chinese-Dutch businessman Yang Bin was appointed to be the first governor by the SPA Presidium in 2002. Before he formally assumed his post, he was arrested by Chinese authorities and sentenced to 18 years in prison for tax evasion and other economic crimes. While the North Korean authorities soon announced that the development of the Sinŭiju SAR would continue and the SAR was put under the administration of its Commission of Foreign Economic Cooperation Promotion, the plans for the SAR seem to have been abandoned. As of April 2008, the SAR reforms still have not been put into effect, and it is widely believed that North Korea has abandoned the project after the governor's arrest.

Area included in the Special Administrative Region

The order below follows the order given in the original decree (in Korean) .

Sinŭiju city (신의주시; 新義州市)

  • Kwanmun-dong (관문동; 關門洞)
  • Ponbu-dong (본부동; 本部洞)
  • ......
  • ...

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