A three-point field goal
(also known as three-pointer
) is a field goal
in a basketball
game, made from beyond the three-point line, a designated arc radiating from the basket. A successful attempt is worth three points, in contrast to the two points awarded for shots made inside the three point line.
A three-point field goal is distinguished from a "three-point play"
or an and-1, which occurs when a shooter successfully scores a two-point basket while being fouled, and then makes the ensuing free throw
. If such a foul occurs on a successful three-point shot, the resulting free throw gives the player a chance to earn a four-point play.Three-point field goal percentage
is a measure of three-point shooting accuracy calculated by the ratio of three-point field goals made to three-point field goals attempted.
A three-point rule was tested in 1933 at the suggestion of Herman Sayger of Tiffin, Ohio. Sayger demonstrated new rules designed to eliminate the center jump and establish a new scoring system in a game played by high school athletes in Tiffin, Ohio.
The three-point rule was first tested at the collegiate level in a 1945 National Collegiate Athletic Association
game between Columbia
. However, professional basketball was the first to adopt the rule on a permanent basis. The short-lived American Basketball League
did so in 1961, and the Eastern Professional Basketball League
followed in its 1963–64 season. The three-point shot later became... Read More