Vyborg–Joensuu railroad

Vyborg–Joensuu Railroad

Vyborg–Joensuu railroad

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Description:
The old Karelian railroad () between Viipuri (Viborg) and Joensuu is a railway with broad gauge, which used to link Joensuu, Sortavala, Hiitola, Antrea (now Kamennogorsk) and Viipuri (Vyborg). Originally built in 1892-1894 by Finnish State Railways in the Grand Duchy of Finland, in the 1940s most of the railway up to Niirala was ceded by Finland to the Soviet Union in the Moscow Peace Treaty, Moscow Armistice and Paris Peace Treaty as a result of the Winter War and Continuation War. Now the track is located in Leningrad Oblast (Karelian Isthmus), Republic of Karelia and North Karelia. The SortavalaJoensuu link across the border was abolished after the Continuation War, but was since restored and is currently in use for cargo traffic.

History

The decision to build a 311 km railway from Viipuri (Viborg) to Joensuu was made by the Diet of Finland in 1888. Work on the railroad started in 1890, right after work on the Savonia railroad was finished. The track from Viipuri, (now Vyborg), via Antrea (now Kamennogorsk) to Vuoksenniska (79 km) was completed in November 1892, Antrea to Sortavala (139 km) in November 1893, and Sortavala to Joensuu (132 km) in October 1894. At the height of construction in September 1892 6000 men worked on the railroad.

A direct link between Hiitola and Finland Station in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was opened in 1917, bypassing the Riihimäki-Saint Petersburg railroad (see Saint......
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