Sir William Smith
Kt. (1813–1893) was a noted English lexicographer
Born at Enfield
in 1813 of Nonconformist
parents, he was originally destined for a theological career, but instead was articled
to a solicitor
. In his spare time he taught himself classics
, and when he entered University College London
he carried off both the Greek and Latin prizes. He was entered at Gray's Inn
in 1830, but gave up his legal studies for a post at University College School
and began to write on classical subjects.
Smith next turned his attention to lexicography
. His first attempt was A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
, which appeared in 1842, the greater part being written by him. Then followed the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
in 1849. A parallel Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography
appeared in 1857, with some leading scholars of the day associated with the task.
Meanwhile he published the first of several school dictionaries in 1850, and in 1853 he began the Principia
series, which marked an advance in the school teaching of Greek
. Then came the Student's Manuals of History and Literature
, of which the English literature volume went into 13 editions.Thomas Budd Shaw: The Student's Manual of English Literature...
(London, 1864). He himself wrote... Read More