The Zilog eZ80
is an 8-bit microprocessor
which is essentially an updated version of the company's earlier Z80
The eZ80 (like the Z380
) is binary compatible with the Z80
, but almost four times as fast as the original Z80 chip at the same clock frequency. Available at up to 50 MHz (2004), the performance is comparable to a Z80 clocked at 200 MHz if fast memory is used (i.e. no wait states for opcode
fetches, for data, or for I/O) or even higher in some applications (a 16-bit addition is 11 times as fast as in the original). The eZ80 also supports direct continuous addressing of 16 MB
of memory without a memory management unit
, by extending most registers (HL, BC, DE, IX, IY, SP, and PC) from 16 to 24 bits.
The processor has a 24-bit ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit
) and overlapped processing of several instructions (a so called pipeline) which are the two primary reasons for its speed. Unlike the older Z280
it does not have (or need) a cache memory. Instead, it is intended to work with fast SRAM
directly as main memory (as this has become much cheaper). Nor does it have the multiplexed bus of the Z280, making it as easy to work with (interface to) as the original Z80 and Z180, and equally predictable when it comes to exact execution times.
The chip has a memory interface that is similar to the original Z80, including the bus request/acknowledge pins, and adds four integrated chip selects. Versions are... Read More